Our Lady Star of the Sea Catholic Primary School

Our Lady Star School Our Lady Star of The Sea Catholic Primary School

Geography at Our Lady Star of the Sea

At Our Lady Star of the Sea Catholic Primary school we deliver high quality Geography lessons which inspire children’s curiosity about the world and its people. We equip our children with knowledge about diverse places, people, resources and natural and human environments. As our children progress through school their growing knowledge about the world should deepen their understanding of the interaction between physical and human processes. 

 

In Year 1, children develop their locational knowledge and begin to name and locate the world’s seven continents and five oceans. They begin to recognise the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom. Throughout Year 1, children also recognise geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom and a non-European country. Children identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdoms as well as using basic Geographical vocabulary. Through these objectives children use maps, aerial photographs, atlases and globes to identify places covered and use simple compass directions. The children use simple field work and observational skills to study the geography of their school.

 

In Year 2, children continue to develop their locational knowledge and name and locate the world’s seven continents and five oceans. They recognise the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom. Throughout Year 2, children also recognise geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom and a non-European country; this be a different locational study to Year 1. Children locate hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the equator and North and South poles. Children are encouraged to use basic Geographical vocabulary to describe physical and human features. Through these objectives children use maps, aerial photographs, atlases and globes to identify places covered and use simple compass directions. The children develop their field work skills to study the geography of their school and its grounds and the key human and physical features of its surrounding environment.

 

Throughout KS2, children develop their geographical skills and field work through using maps, atlases, globes and digital mapping to locate countries and describe features studied. They use the 8 points of a compass, grid references, symbols and keys to build their knowledge of the United Kingdom and the wider world. Children also use field work to observe, measure, record and present the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods.

 

In Year 3, children study key topographical features which include hills, mountains, coasts and rivers and land use patterns which link to their current history topics. Our Year 3 children also complete a local geography study which incorporates the skills listed above. In Year 3 our children are expected to begin to read and use four figure grid references.

 

In Year 4, our children locate the world’s countries using maps to focus on Europe. Our children understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region in a European country. Our focus is on Pompeii.  Children describe and understand key aspects of rivers, volcanoes, earthquakes and the water cycle.  Again this is directly linked to our topics. In Year 4 our children are expected to read and use four figure grid references.

 

In Year 5, our children locate the world’s countries using maps to focus on North America. Our children will name and locate counties and cities of the United Kingdom as well as identifying the position and significance of latitude, longitude, Equator, Northern hemisphere, Southern hemisphere, the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic circle, the prime/Greenwich meridian and times zones. In Year 5 children will understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of a human and physical geography of a region within North America. Our children will also describe and understand climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts and rivers. These key skills will be covered throughout current topics. In Year 5 our children are expected to begin to read and use six figure grid references.

 

In Year 6, our children locate the world’s countries using maps to focus on South America. Our children then recap on the previous learning throughout KS2 and focus on how the human and physical characteristics of the key topographical features have changed over time. Children understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region of the United Kingdom, they focus specifically on the economic activity and trade links in this region.  In Year 6 our children read and use six figure grid references.